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Peoples Climate Movement Leadership:

Climate, Jobs, Justice .

On September 8th, after months of organizing and movement-building, the Peoples Climate Movement will bring tens of thousands of people across the country into the streets, town halls, and community forums. Joined by partners around the world, we will demand bold action on climate, jobs, and justice. Those demands will determine the future of our movement - and our world - for years to come.

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Many Struggles. One Home.

Young People and Students are Guardians of the Future.

Working People are the Builders of our Democracy.

Frontline Communities are Protectors of the Justice.

Community Organizations are the Reshapers of Power.

Religious Interfaith Groups are the Keepers of the Faith. (Image by Aubrey Gemignani)

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Hiring Announcement

The Peoples Climate Movement is recruiting a team to take our work to the next level in 2018 and beyond.

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Time Magazine features our September 8th National Mobilization (May 30th, 2018)

Read the article
Hiring Announcement

The Peoples Climate Movement is recruiting a team to take our work to the next level in 2018 and beyond.

Read More

Time Magazine features our September 8th National Mobilization (May 30th, 2018)

Read the article
Hiring Announcement

The Peoples Climate Movement is recruiting a team to take our work to the next level in 2018 and beyond.

Read More

Time Magazine features our September 8th National Mobilization (May 30th, 2018)

Read the article

The Peoples Climate Movement partners with a broad array of climate, jobs and justice organizations from across the country.

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On September 8th, from Miami to Minneapolis to Mendocino, we will take to the streets to demand climate action from our leaders.

Theoretical background and literature

Exposing interviewer effects implies that outcomes of sample units assigned to the same interviewer are more similar than would be expected if variation were random. Teva Terra Float 2 Knit Slide SandalMens Bright White Textile New m1bwRJrZ
Three main types of interviewer effects can be distinguished: interviewer effects on the unit nonresponse process, on item nonresponse and on the actual measurement ( Figure 1 ).

Figure 1: Types of interviewer effects in surveys

When considering the unit nonresponse process we find that interviewers are differentially successful at recruiting sample units leading to differential unit response rates. A growing literature has examined the role of the interviewer in the nonresponse process and attention has been paid to interviewer attributes, such as experience (Durban Stuart, 1951; Couper Groves, 1992; Singer, Frankel, Glassman, 1983; Snijkers, Hox, de Leeuw, 1999; Olson Peytchev, 2007; Lipps Pollien, 2011), interviewer skills (Morton-Williams, 1993; Campanelli, Sturgis, Prudon, 1997), interviewer-respondent interaction (Groves Couper, 1998), as well as survey design characteristics, such as interviewer burden (Japec, 2008) and interviewer payment (de Heer, 1999; Durrant, Groves, Staetsky, Steele, 2010).

To explain differential response rates across interviewers survey methodologists have examined interviewer attitudes and motivation (Campanelli et al., 1997; Groves Couper, 1998; Hox Leeuw, 2002; Durrant et al., 2010; Blom, de Leeuw, Hox, 2011). This strand of research was inspired by the work of Lehtonen (1996), who developed a short interviewer attitudes scale and showed that attitudes correlate with attained response rate. Another line of studies focuses on interviewer behaviour and interviewer-respondent interaction (Couper Groves, 1992; Campanelli et al., 1997; Groves Couper, 1998; Snijkers et al., 1999). This started with the pioneering work of Morton-Williams (1993), who analysed tape recordings of survey introductions and identified successful interviewer strategies, such as, using professional and social skills, and adapting these to the doorstep situation.

In addition, interviewers have an influence on item nonresponse, i.e. on the respondents’ willingness to answer each question in the survey and on their consent to providing additional information. The consent to the collection of additional information can be diverse; typical examples are consent to record linkage (Lessof, 2009; Calderwood Lessof, 2009; Sakshaug,Couper, Ofstedal, Weir, 2012; Sala, Burton, Knies, 2012; Korbmacher Schröder, forthcoming ) and consent to the collection of biomarkers in health surveys (Sakshaug, Couper, Ofstedal, 2009).

Traditionally, the literature on interviewer effects on item response rates describes a clustering effect of item nonresponse within interviewers and tries to model these interviewer effects by demographic characteristics of the interviewer (Singer et al. 1983). Another strand of research looks into collecting additional information about the interviewers, for example on their expectations, by means of interviewer questionnaires (Singer and Kohnke-Aguirre 1979; Singer et al. 1983).

I love that!

Tarana Khan Jun 19, 2015 @ 12:59:05

Great ideas! I can totally understand why quietly entertaining a toddler would be important while taking care of a newborn.

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Jun 21, 2015 @ 11:31:28

What a great list of ideas! Sometimes it is hard to think of something new and fun to do. This will be a great reference

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Jun 26, 2015 @ 07:04:58

What a great list! This will be so helpful to new mums. Thanks for sharing on #ToddlerFunFRiday

Jelli Jul 04, 2015 @ 21:39:25

Great tips! As a mom who’s been in this situation, I know most of these ideas would’ve been perfect for my toddler. I’m 7 months pregnant now and have a 1 and 3 year-old too, so you’d better believe I’m saving this list! Thank you!

Katie M. McLaughlin Jul 05, 2015 @ 00:06:15

I’m so glad you found it helpful! And congrats on your wonderful and growing family!

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[…] books, shakers, play dough, stickers and quiet play items. Pinterest has a plethora of ideas. Here, here and […]

Helen Aug 16, 2015 @ 18:54:49

My son used to play hide and seek when I was nursing his sister. He’d hide within earshot and I’d play a verbal game of “is he under the kitchen table? Is he behind the sofa?”. (Mind you, he used to take the opportunity to soil his underwear in peace as well.)

Katie M. McLaughlin Aug 17, 2015 @ 11:24:39

Haha! I love that idea…minus the soiled underwear!

Eric Jan 17, 2016 @ 00:48:41

My wife likes to put videos on a cell phone so he focuses on the phone. Now he’s 3y 3m and she’s still breastfeeding him by using the phone to turn off his mind and lay there. Then she is watching stuff he shouldn’t be seeing on tv. Then says they are bonding even though they pay no attention to each other.

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[…] the security of your child, the wheels come with a set of brakes that you can use to render this walker immobile if you ever require to. It moves nicely on carpeted floors due to the good quality wheels it has. […]

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